Papua New Guinea has called on all industrialised countries to be sensitive to planet earth’s call for climate change response.
Prime Minister, Hon. James Marape in his weekly NBC’s government talk back program on Monday evening (4 October), highlighted this message which he delivered at the 76th United Nations General Assembly in New York on 26 September, adding, .there must be a global commitment to ensuring that all nations on planet earth, maintain their carbon emissions, at the rate that is not contributing towards temperature rise above 1.5 degrees Celsius .
“That commitment was already given by all nations. PNG signed up through our National Determination as far as carbon contribution is concerned, last year. All nations should commit to it, but most are lagging behind.””
Papua New Guinea’s carbon emissions is only 10 million tons of carbon dioxide that is emitted from factories, industries and the every day usage of vehicles.
“That’s minimum,” says Prime Minister.
He added, one of Papua New Guinea’s greatest assets, is its tropical rainforest which is the third biggest in the world.
“Our tropical rainforest produces oxygen that sustains planet earth.
“ My conversation at the United Nations, was to inform the world that we have forests that needs to be preserved for the world to be sustained as far as the world’s natural eco system and its natural state are concerned.”
Mr Marape is determined to mobilizing industrialised nations and their industries to pay for the carbon sink and carbon cleansing in the country’s trees.
“ Industrialized nations have emitted carbon pollution in the atmosphere. It’s the reason why climate change is happening. There have been sea level rise and temperature on planet earth is rising.”
“We have forests that needs investors to help conserve.. Our forests contributes to the economy in harvests that is taking place, however, harvests must be at a sustainable level and needs to be preserved for the world to benefit from .
“The world can benefit from the oxygen the forests produces, and secondly because my forests also is a carbon sink where it replenishes the carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by ensuring that it’s cleaning it.”
Prime Minister Marape’s conversation at the United Nations was that, PNG’s forests consists of hundred million tons of carbon a year, and also produces resources.
“ However, you need to pay for me to preserve my trees.”
“I can cut my trees for the economic need of my country , because those who live in forestry areas would need schools, roads, and hospitals, but if you pay for me to conserve them in its natural state, then that money for conservation can go towards building roads, schools , hospitals for those who live in the forest area in the country,” Prime Minister Marape said.
Mr Marape added, “apart from our forests producing oxygen, we have six percent of the world’s bio-diversity. Inside our bio diversity, you have formulas for medicines, product for medicine, product for food, among others.”
Meanwhile, the United States President, Joe Biden has committed about US100 billion towards a global climate fund to finance climate change mitigation efforts.
The United Kingdom, Japan and China have also pledged to contribute towards the global fund.
Mr Marape said the global fund facility would be accessed by nations who need assistance for victims of sea level rise, land and soil erosions, arable land being degraded or exposed to sea level rise, weather pattern change, weather pattern induced destruction as well as forests conservation , tree planting, safer energy generation and to purchase carbon credits.
“I want to pitch PNG in the right context to access this fund for climate change mitigations, during the COP26 meeting.”
In the meantime, all nations of the Pacific have supported Papua New Guinea’s efforts in its discussion at the UN on climate change and sea level rise in the region and commended Prime Minister for his leadership.
“We contribute less yet we are the first victims. In our country, the Carteret’s, in the Special Region of Bougainville, experienced the first climate change refugees.”
“My point was simply this: someone needs to pay. Our forests produce oxygen you breath. Our carbon foot print is less, our forests carbon sink is enormous.”
The United Kingdom will host the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties in Glasgow, Scotland, from 31 October to 12 November 2021.
Papua New Guinea is fortunate to have a mix of energy generation, particularly in hydro, geothermal, solar and wind-based power generation .
“We do not only have money from oil and gas and cutting trees, but we need conservation to sustain resources in our country.”
Minister for Information and Communication Technology, Hon. Timothy Masiu, was also present during Prime Minister Marape’s government talk back program on Monday evening.