Data Protection policies and laws are policies and legislation enacted to protect personal, commercial, and governmental data from unauthorized access, alteration (corruption), destruction, or use. Data protection is the process of protecting data and involves the relationship between the collection and dissemination of data and technology, the public perception and expectation of privacy and the political and legal underpinnings surrounding that data. It aims to strike a balance between individual privacy rights while still allowing data to be used for business purposes.
Data protection is also known as data privacy or information privacy. Data protection deals with both the integrity of the data, protection from corruption or errors, and privacy of data, it being accessible to only those that have access privilege to it.
Ensuring the confidentiality of data provided by individuals and organisations is extremely important and essential in ensuring that all have confidence and trust in the Government’s handling of their confidential and personal data. Develop data privacy principles to ensure the protection of the data the government is collecting. Data protection policies and legislation, which will follow this policy, are additional and separate policies and legislation that will ensure citizen data is protected both by Governments, the private sector and any other groups that uses data.